Guide to Conduct and...

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Guide to Conduct and Ceremony

Part 2. Formalities concerning Family Affairs

Chapter 6. Funerary Rites

Section 7. Wearing the Articles of Mourning

1. The wearing of the articles of mourning shall be classified into three periods, the total forty‐nine day period, the twenty‐one day half period, and the funeral day itself. The articles for the total period of mourning shall be worn for forty‐nine days (seven days a week for seven weeks), the articles for the half period of mourning for twenty‐one days (seven days a week for three weeks), and the articles for the funeral day mourning for the day of the burial.
2. The articles for the total period of mourning shall be worn by the parents, the children, and the spouse of the deceased, as well as the relatives up to uncles and aunts on both the mother’s and the father’s side of the deceased and cousins of either spouse. The articles for the half period of mourning may be worn voluntarily by related persons according to kinship and the closeness of the relationship with the deceased. The articles for the funeral day period of mourning shall be worn by the guests on the day of the burial.
3. The articles of mourning shall consist uniformly of a ribbon worn on the left chest over ordinary dress or formal attire.
4. In the event of a Won-Buddhist Funeral or other official affairs requiring wearing the articles of mourning for a period of time different from what is prescribed in Article 2, the longer period shall be followed.
5. If a situation arises in which there is a need to wear more than one article of mourning, only one additional article shall be worn. Other articles of mourning shall be stored neatly and shall be used only at the rite of divestment.
6. Those wearing the articles for the half period of mourning shall end their period of bereavement by participating in the Twenty‐first Day Deliverance Service Ceremony and the rite of divestment. Those who were unable to take part in the Twenty‐first Day Ceremony shall divest the articles of mourning at their respective places of residence and attend the Final Deliverance Service Ceremony to perform the proper post‐mourning rite with mourners of articles for the total period.
7. During the period of bereavement, the mourners shall take particular care to keep their minds and bodies pure and to be prudent in conduct.