Guide to Conduct and...

Dictionary

Guide to Conduct and Ceremony

Part 1. General Propriety

Chapter 3. Attitude

Section 2. Appropriate Manners in Maintaining an Attitude

1. In the proper attitude of looking, when ene look at another person, one should not stare; look up and down; tilt one's head; cast a slide glance; or leer unkindly at that person.
2. In the proper attitude of listening, when one listens to another person, one should not tilt one's heads, shake one's head, nor look away.
3. For speaking with a steady voice when producing a sound, one should not speak too hastily, too slowly, in a trembling manner, or in an intentionally abnormal voice.
4. In sitting properly, when one kneels or sit on the floor or when sitting on a chair, one should not tilt our heads, allow one's chest and back to be bent, keep one's mouths open, position one's hands or feet loosely. It is also unacceptable to jut one's chin forward and cross one's legs high while sitting in a chair. One must not adapt a haughty attitude toward others.
5. In standing properly when in training, one should stand in an alert attitude. When accompanying an elder, one should stand politely. When standing, one should stand squarely, not tilting one's head, not allowing the chest or back to be bent, not keeping the mouth open, not twisting one's shoulders, not clasping the hands behind our backs, nor standing with feet loose.
6. In order to walk properly when in training, people must walk in ranks. When one accompanies an elder, one must be careful of the pace. When in a hurry, one should keep a fast pace; when taking a leisurely walk, one should make the pace natural. One must not tilt on's head, allow the chest and waist to bent, twist the shoulders, nor clasp the hands behind the back.
7. When reclining, one should lie down straightly. While observing the surroundings, one should not take an exaggerated position, curl up the body, nor spread out the hands and legs in a disorderly way.
8. One should maintain a peaceful facial appearance. While various different expressions appear on the face according to the occasion, one should be moderate in facial expressions. Usually, a peaceful facial statement is to be desired.