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The Essential Scriptures of the Buddha and Patriarchs

Sūtra on the Differences in the Karmic Recompenses of Action

Section 23

“Furthermore, there are actions that can cause sentient beings to receive the karmic recompense of [being reborn in] a frontier region [pratyanta-janapada]. When one acts, one makes offerings to the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Saṃgha, to people who keep the precepts purely, and to the entire congregation, but without generating an advanced state of mind; and, through this wholesome faculty (kuśalamūla), one vows to be reborn in a frontier region. Because of this vow, one is reborn in a frontier region where one receives karmic recompenses that are both pure and impure.
“Furthermore, there are actions that can cause sentient beings to receive the karmic recompense of [being reborn in] a central region [madhyadeśa-janapada]. At the time one performs actions, one decides to make offerings in the highest state of reverence to the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Saṃgha, to people who keep the precepts purely, and to religious mendicants (brahmacārin); and, through this wholesome faculty, one with certitude makes a vow to seek rebirth in a central region so that one will in turn be able to encounter the Buddha, hear the right dharma, and receive the karmic recompenses that are most sublime and pure.