The Essential Scripture...


The Essential Scriptures of the Buddha and Patriarchs

Sūtra in Forty-Two Sections

Section 4

The Buddha said: “Sentient beings consider ten matters to be good and ten matters to be evil. What are these ten? Three are performed by the body, four by the mouth, and three by the mind. The three physical acts are killing, stealing, and sexual misconduct. The four verbal acts are duplicity, harsh speech, lying, and obsequious flattery. The three mental acts are greed, hatred, and delusion. In this wise, the ten matters that are not in accord with the way of the sages are called the ten evil actions. If these unwholesome actions are halted, they are then called the ten good actions.”