The Essential Scripture...

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The Essential Scriptures of the Buddha and Patriarchs

Sūtra on the Differences in the Karmic Recompenses of Action

Section 18

“Furthermore, there are ten actions that can cause sentient beings to receive the karmic recompense of [rebirth among] the hungry ghosts (preta). 1. Their bodies engage in minor types of evil actions. 2. Their mouths engage in minor types of evil actions. 3. Their minds engage in minor types of evil actions. 4. They give rise to much greed. 5. They give rise to the worst kind of greed. 6. They are jealous and envious. 7. They have perverted views. 8. They are passionately attached to their material possessions at the moment of their deaths. 9. They die because of illness or hunger. 10. They die from tormenting emaciation and thirst. These ten actions can cause sentient beings to receive the karmic recompense of [rebirth among] the hungry ghosts