THE DHARMA DISCOURSES O...

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THE DHARMA DISCOURSES OF CARDINAL MASTER CHŎNGSAN(CHŎNGSAN CHONGSA PŎBŎ)

Part Two: Dharma Discourses

Chapter Five: Foundational Principles

12

12. When the Master was expounding the “Essentials of Absorption and Tranquillity,” he analyzed the terms nature, spirit, mind, and volition as follows: “The nature is the original essence, and from that nature, spirit is made manifest. Spirit is substantially identical to the nature but also involves the sensibility of ever-numinous awareness. Mind involves discriminations that are made manifest from that awareness, and volitions appear from the mind. Volition is the point at which the mind is in action.” A student asked, “What is the numinous soul (yŏnghon)?” The Master replied, “The numinous soul is the grounding of each person’s spirit, which is empty, numinous, and free from darkness.”