The History of Won


The History of Won-Buddhism (Wonbulgyo Kyosa)

Part 3. Fruition of the Sacred Work

Chapter 5. The Fruits of A Half Century

2. Establishing Cultivation Facilities and Systematizing Corporate Foundations

The Head Circle Council voted in April Won-Buddhist year 48 (1963) for the resolution to construct a monastery as a sanatorium facility for Jeong-Nam [ordained celibate male disciples] and Jeong-Nyeo [ordained celibate female disciples]. The monastery had been planned by Sot`aesan from early on but it was during the time of Head Dharma Master Chŏngsan that the measures were sought and the funds raised, to allow the official inauguration of the monastery with Yi Kongju as the facility`s first director. The monastery later purchased the building site in Hannam-dong, Seoul, from the government and thus contributed to the complete transfer of ownership. It operated a brewery for quite some time, and in January Won-Buddhist year 55 (1970), it sought to establish an oriental medicine facility in a building it had purchased in Jongro-o-ga.
Meanwhile, Haseom (an island) in Byeonsan, which was purchased by the monastery following the proposal made by Buan Temple (with Jeong Yangjin as the Won-Buddhist minister in charge) in Won-Buddhist year 39(1954), became the new Order`s maritime cultivation center. According to the request of Master Chungsan, the site of the spiritual cultivation center in Sindo, Chungnam was purchased in Won-Buddhist year 46 (1961). And Namseon Won Temple also moved to this place. This site continuously expanded and additional buildings were purchased for 7 years with the support of Head Dharma Master Daesan. This continued until the Head Circle Council adopted the resolution to establish Samdong Cultivation Center (Yi Byeongeun, the first director) in October Won-Buddhist year 52 (1967). It began to function as a special sanatorium in a place with an historical background.
In addition, Manduk Mountain in Jin-an, which had special ties with the new Order since its early years, began undergoing development, in Won-Buddhist year 52 (1967), to transform into a cultivation facility in which the congruity of meditation and farming would be advocated. The Order`s other nursing home facilities in various places were also functioning as cultivation centers and thus contributed to the mental cultivation of the Order`s elderly persons who contributed much to Won-Buddhism.
Meanwhile, although the Order`s various industrial institutions had repeatedly gone through their peaks and falls, Bohwa-dang made a big financial contribution to the other departments with Yi Dongan, Song Hyehwan, and Jo Huisuk succeeding the position of chief executive officer respectively. In April Won-Buddhist year 49 (1964), Bohwa- dang absorbed Samjungdang Pharmaceutical Company in Iri. In September the Bohwa-dang Pharmaceutical Company was established, whose main item of business was Kyeongokgo, the herbal medicine that is effective in stabilizing blood circulation. Bohwa-dang became a corporation in which industry and commerce advanced side-by-side. In July Won-Buddhist year 55 (1970), Bohwa-dang of Seoul (with Yi Kongju as the chairperson of the board of directors and Yi Cheolhaeng as the president of the company) was established in Jongro-o-ga in order to facilitate the Company`s advance into the nation`s capital and to branch out into foreign markets. By establishing Bohwa-dang of Iri (with Yi Cheolhaeng as the president) in front of Iri Station in July Won-Buddhist year 57 (1972), the Corporate Foundation Bohwa-dang began to systematize.